Health effects of dust

What is dust?

Dust is an air pollutant generated by many different sources and activities like natural erosion of soil, sand rock, pollen and microscopic organisms. It could be also “man-made”, especially in urban areas, where is created by a range of human and industrial activities, such as traffic, power plants, combustion of solid fuels, construction works, etc.

How it differs?

We know a lot of different dust particles which vary in size from visible to invisible. The smaller the particle, the longer it stays in the air and the further it can travel. Large dust particles fall out of the air relatively close to where they are created. These particles form the dust layers you can see on things like furniture and motor vehicles.

How does dust affect your health ?

Large dust particles tend to be trapped in the nose and mouth when you breathe them in and can be readily breathed out or swallowed harmlessly while fine dust particles are more likely to penetrate deeply into the lungs while ultrafine particles can be absorbed directly into the blood stream. Dust particles small enough to be inhaled may cause:

  • irritation of the eyes
  • coughing
  • sneezing
  • hayfever
  • asthma attacks.

Anyone who is exposed to high levels of dust may be affected – the longer you breathe in the dust, then the greater the chance that it will affect your health. Babies, young children and elderly people are also more likely to develop health problems from long term exposure to high levels of dust.

This problems can be resolved or mitigated using special air purifiers such as our PREMIUM Breath air purifier.